Monday, May 3, 2010

What my teen years of design happiness lead too!




A Spool of Happiness

At fifteen I found an outlet for self expression through thrifting. My main focus at the time was clothing. I unstitched and sewed up something new from something old. It was obvious I had a love for it because I did everything by hand. I never had a "reliable" machine until I was twenty three. THerefore, I undoubtedly knew that my patience was actually my love for sewing.
As time went on, my interest somewhat broaden. I rekindled my passion for sewing by entering into a diploma program at a local community college. I took this step in order to progress in my passion for furniture design.
The two interest went hand and hand!! I never thought as a teen that my hobby of sewing would lead me to the major and career of my dreams, but it did!

Sunday, April 11, 2010

Friday, April 9, 2010

Phase 3: Standards

-Recommended: Work triangle between sink, frig., and cooktop/range no more than 9' and no less 4' on any side. No more than 26' for total of the three legs.
-Recommended: 48" minimum work aisle for two cook kitchen.
-Recommended: 36" high countertop, 15" deep knee space for seating.
-Recommended: 42" high countertop, 12" deep knee space for seating.
-Recommended: 18" x 16" on one side and 24" x 16" for sink landing areas
-Recommended: trash cabinet can insert by sink
-Recommended: 24" between cooking surface and noncombustible surface
-Recommended: 30" between cooking surface and combustible surface

-Recommended: The clear opening of a doorway should be at least 32”. This would require a minimum 2’-10” door.
-Recommended access standard: The clear opening of a doorway should be at least 34”. This would require a minimum 3’-0” door.
- Code requirement: A minimum space of at least 21” must be planned in front of lavatory, toilet, bidet and tub.
-Code requirement: A minimum space of at least 24” must be planned in front of a shower entry.
-Code requirement: Clearance in front of bathtubs should extend the length of the bathtub and be at least 30” wide.
-Code requirement: The minimum distance from the centerline of the lavatory to a wall is 15”.
-Code requirement: The minimum distance between a wall and the edge of a freestanding or wall-hung lavatory is 4”.
-Code reference: The front of the lavatory sink should be no more than 34” above the floor, measured to the higher of the fixture or counter surface.
-Code requirement: The minimum interior shower size is 30” x 30” or 900 square inches, in which a disc of 30” in diameter must fit. Recommended minimum 36 X 36.
-Recommended (shower controls): The shower controls should be accessible from both inside and outside the shower spray and be located between 38” – 48” above the floor depending on user’s height.
-Recommended: The tub controls should be accessible from both inside and outside the tub and be located between the rim of the bathtub and 33” above the floor.
-Access standard (code): Toilet: Grab bars should be provided on the rear wall and on the sidewall closest to the toilet. The sidewall grab bar should be at least 42” long and located between 12” and 54” from the rear wall. The rear grab bar should be at least 24” long, centered on the toilet. Where space permits, the bar should be at least 36” long, with the additional length provided on the transfer side of the toilet.
-Access standard (code): The toilet should be centered 16” to 18” from a side wall. The toilet seat should be between 15” and 19” from the floor.
-Code requirement: A minimum distance of 15” is required from the centerline of toilet and/or bidet to any bath fixture, wall or other obstacle.
-Code requirement: At least one wall-switch controlled light must be provided. Switch must be placed at the entrance of the bathroom. All light fixtures installed within tub and shower spaces should be marked “suitable for damp/wet locations”. anging fixtures cannot be located within a zone of 3’ horizontally and 8’ vertically from the top of the bathtub rim or shower stall threshold.
-Access standard (recommended): ask lighting at the vanity should be beside the mirror and at eye level and with the lamp not visible to the eye. Lighting controls should be between 15” and 48” above the floor and operable with a closed fist and with minimal effort.
-Code requirement: Minimum ventilation for the bathroom is to be a window of at least 3 sq. ft. of which 50% is operable, or a mechanical ventilation system of at least 50 cubic feet per minute (cfm) ducted to the outside.
-Access standard (recommended): Ventilation controls should be placed 15” – 48” above the floor, operable with minimal effort, easy to read, and with minimal noise pollution.
-Code requirement: All bathrooms should have an appropriate heat source to maintain a minimum room temperature of 68 degrees Fahrenheit.

Living Rooms
-minimum with no dining facility is 180 sq ft, 200 sq ft is recommended
-minimum width of a living room should be 11-12 ft, recommended 14 ft

Furniture Dimensions
-Chest of drawers (4 drawer): 2'10"-3'4"W X 3'8"-4'8"H X 1'6"-1'9"D
-Buffet: 5'0"-6'6"W X 3'2"-3'3"H X 1'10"-2'1"D
-Sofas: large 6'0"-7'2"W X 2'8"-3'6"D
1'5"-1'6" seat height
1'9"-2'0" seat deck depth
2'8"-2'9" seat back height
medium 5'0"-6'0"W X 2'6"-3'6"D
1'4"-1'6" seat height
1'9"-2'0" seat deck depth

small 4'0"-5'0"W X 2'4"-2'6"D
1'4"-1'5" seat height
1'7"-2'0" seat deck depth
-Desks: 2'8"-3'6"W X 1'6"-2'6"D X 2'6"H
2'0"-2'1"H Knee Space
-Office Chair: 1'2"-1'4" adjustable seat height
3'0" total height
1'3"-1'4" W X 1'1"-1'2" D seat deck
-Dining Chairs: 1'6" seat height
1'6"-1'9" seat deck width
2'10"-3'3" total height
-Upholstered Arm Chair: 1'4"-1'8" height seat deck
3'0"-4'0" total height
2'2"-2'6"W X 2'0"-2'4"D
-Dining Table for 8: 3'4"W X 6'0"L X 2'7"H
4'0"W X 4'0"L X 2'7"H

Dining Room
-12 persons 4ft X 8ft
-for seating clearance only from table edge to obstacle 3'6", for someone to pass behind 4'6" min for table edge

Clothes Closet
-minimum front to back depth is 24"
-minimum door opening is 24"
-rod length is equal to the width of the door opening plus 6" on each side.
-single bedroom occupancy 24" X 36"
-double bedroom occupancy 24" X 60"

Phase 3: Expectations for Unit #6 Floor #12

CLIENTS: Orlando, Susan and Freddie Sanchez
-immigrant family new to Greensboro, NC
-son Freddie is 8 yrs old

-Mr. and Mrs. Sanchez cook every night together while their son does homework within sight.
-They host Sunday dinners for their relatives.
-Son often has friends and cousins sleep overs.
-Sanchez's enjoy growing their own herbs in their apartment for cooking.


Design Style: Transitional with Spanish flare

References to phase 2 wind sculpting concept:
-reflect in patterns of materials on upholstery, wall, and flooring.
-ventilate will with hopper windows to circulate air flow.
-even though color choices my be bold/bright/rich, keep them primarily cool
-Kitchen by window area for window sill herb garden.
-Son's desk in kitchen area.
-Fold away dining table.
Son's bedroom:
-Multi-user bed for sleep overs

Color Schemes:
-Cultural design influence of bold/bright/rich color with heavy dark wood and heavy carving.
-Reliefs on materials such as ceilings or walls, idea taken from Spanish cathedrals.

-arched doorways or passthroughs
-iron accents

Friday, April 2, 2010

Unity Village: Presentation Assessments

Group C

Ground Floor: This group's Jelly Fish concept presentation had some strong points but it didn't seem fully developed. The design made excellent considerations for elderly occupants, such the lower tables in the laundry. Also, the was a great attempt to make the decorative element, such as the tree trunk, a more integral part the the design. The one area which needed more focus was on the materials, what was going to be used in the space.

1st Floor: Their concept of could of been better represented in there presentation if their renderings had quality lighting. Looking at the layout, the Chaos was represented by the neon green color palette chosen, while the Order seemed to be displayed by the lack of very many elements in the spaces. I didn't know if this was intentional.
One element which I thought was well thought out was the Gallery space, I thought it was great to reach out not only to the residents, but other parts of the community.

2nd Floor: The Oasis Release concept developed the ideas for some spaces stronger than others. The indoor green house was an interesting idea, risk, and well thought out. The primary concern for me was the lack of seating in all of the spaces, an oasis or place of release usually entails relaxation, which for most people is to sit rather than stand in the common areas of the space.

Reflection on My Team Project:
I felt that or concept was extremely well developed and apparent by our layout, color palette, and choice of materials and their placement. The model could of had more items placed in it. However, I think the walls and space layout were strong enough to support the concept of the model.
The presentation seemed to go well. I know there were some questions on the resolution of the thumbnails, but they were are 300-600 dpi and the same dragged and dropped image from one illustrator file to the next was enlarged for the next slide. The only reason for this could have been the illusion of pixelation because these were actual marker/pencil hand renderings. Therefore the smaller the image, the more pixelated the cross hatch may have appeared.
It seemed as though some groups had very little materials chosen, so I'm not sure if elaborating more on what would be used is going to be what was necessary or not.
I felt as though the class could truly see a well thought out concept in our presentation, and how the use of color can make or break a concept.
Whether designing spaces or products, design thinking will always need to be a process that is constantly revisited during design development. You're never done with just one part of it and then can move on, there will be constant revisions which may need to be done.

Wednesday, March 31, 2010

Unity VIllage 2nd Floor Presentation Slides by Felicia Dean & Jeff Linn

Unity VIllage 2nd Floor Layout



Thursday, March 25, 2010

Community Village: User Needs


User Characteristic: loss of muscle mass and strength, creating fatigue

Design Solution: seating should be abundant and convienece necessary

User Characteristic: loss of sensitivity to light, loss of color sensitivity, difficulty seeing little variation between light and dark

Design Solution: wayfinding design , higher contrast materials, visibility from room to room, choice of materials, lighting and finishes

User Characteristic: loss of calcium and other nutrients

Design Solution: vitamins and high calcium and nutrient foods in convience store

User Characteristic: depression

Design Solution: social interaction areas, group activities and open floor plan creating sense of community

User Characteristic: social luncheons, movies, excursions-

Design Solution: provide multi-pupose room for activities and establish volunteer group to organize trips

User Characteristic: privacy need

Design Solution: provide some private spaces such as multi purpose room closing off and conference room on 2nd floor

User Characteristic: sensitivity to changes in temperature

Design Solution: smaller common areas with manual temperature controls, larger areas more constant temperature average tolerable by all occupants

Monday, March 22, 2010

Perspectives: Community Village

and after further exploration, more I experimented with more developed perspectives.

Group member Jeff Linn developed these additional perspectives for Unity Village's second floor.

Friday, March 19, 2010

Addressing Questions on Design Process

How I relate design thinking, use and implement it in the future will be based on my design experiences and processes. Design processes is trial and error which leads to beneficial designs and answers. Including everyone in the design process is a key factor contributing to successful design. Thus, a designer relates to the occupants’ individual needs. This along with prototyping helps to eliminate any final problems.

The current Community Village project has taken us through a lot of critical thinking about design. Since design processes include satisfying user needs we need to address our multiple groups in a way that satisfies them all. Planning standards vary for the different groups, so adjustments will need to be made to spaces, products, materials, and signage that accommodate them all.

These beginning stages of the design process have made me very aware of all the time that will need to be spent on these multiple user projects. The researching of design planning standards is key to laying out the space. It is the start of the programming and layout. They will be the foundation to which I start future projects.

COMMUNITY Village: Design Development-Sketches


COMMUNITY Village: Design Development-Standards


*from Time-Saver Standards For Interior Design And Space Planning, DeChiara, Panero and Zelnik. 1991. p.1107


*from Time-Saver Standards For Interior Design And Space Planning, DeChiara, Panero and Zelnik. 1991. p.313


*from Designing A Day Care Center, E. Belle Evans, Saia, Elmer A. Evans. 1974. p. 3

*from Recommendations For Child Care Centers, Moore, Lane, Hill, Cohen, McGinty. 1979. P.409



Source: Chiara, J., Panero, J. & Zelnik, M.(2001). Time-Saver Standards For Interior Design and Space Planning. (pp.675-729) New York : McGraw-Hill

· Incandescent or fluorescent lights recommended

· 3’-0” center distance b/w toilets

· 3’-1 1/2” center distance from sink to left/right structural wall

· 2’-2” Center to center for sinks

· 2’-6” center distance from sink to center urinal

· 1’-7 1/2 “ center toilet to right/left structural wall

· 2’-0” Urinals center to center

· 2’-0” deep partition wall to separate urinal space from others

· 4’-9” wide partition side walls

· 2’-8” to 3’-0” width partitions

· 4’-8” to 5’-0” deep partitions

· 3’-4” AFF general trash can

· 6’-6” AFF recessed towel cabinet and waste receptacle

· 3’-8” AFF soap dispenser

· 2’-7” AFF sinks mounted

· 6’-6” AFF feminine product dispenser

· 6’-0” AFF Mirror mount

· 6’-6” AFF Vanity light mount

· 2’-6” AFF vanity top

· 6” vanity backsplash

· 2’-6” AFF toilet paper dispenser location

· 2’-9” toilet paper dispenser from back wall

· 3’-4” min walkways

· 3’-0” doorway

· 5’-10” AFF min to top of stall door

· 7’-5” AFF total stall height

Building Type / Water Closets / Urinals

Lavatories / Drinking Fountains / Other Fixtures


· 2’-3” to bottom edge of sink

· 2’-5” AFF min, 2’-8” preferred, 2’-10” max to sink top

· 9” toe space at sink

· 8” min. knee space area at sink

· 17” min. sink sits out from wall

· 5’-4” AFF paper towel dispenser

· 2’-6” toilet paper dispenser from structural wall

· 3’-4” to bottom of handicap mirror

· 3’-0” clearance into stall

· 4’-8” min stall depth

· 3’-6” grab bar recommended in stall 12” for back wall

· 2’-9” AFF grab bar

· 2’-0” grab bar centered behind toilet

· 2’-0” AFF toilet paper dispenser, 3’-6” from back wall

· 1’-6” toilet from structural wall

· 1’-6” AFF to top of toilet

· 3’-3 to 4” AFF to center for feminine dispenser and paper towel dispenser, to bottom of soap dispenser

· 5’-0” wide Barrier free partition

· 4’-11” deep partition interior

· 3” stall door hinged from structural wall

· 2’-10” wide stall door

· 5’-0” clear floor so wheel chair can turn 360 degrees

· 2’-6” X 4’-0” clear floor space from center sink out

· 2’-3” AFF to underside of sink bowl


Source: Chiara, J., Panero, J. & Zelnik, M.(2001). Time-Saver Standards For Interior Design and Space Planning.(p.1469) New York : McGraw-Hill


Source: Chiara, J., Panero, J. & Zelnik, M.(2001). Time-Saver Standards For Interior Design and Space Planning.(pp.675-729) New York : McGraw-Hill

· 2’-0” min from sink center to right & left structural walls

· 5’-8” AFF broom rack

· sloped floor with drain

Source: Sawyer, Thomas.(2005). Facility Design and Management: for Health, Fitness, Physical Activity, Recreation, And Sports Facility Development.(pp.366-379). Illinois: Sagamore Publishing, L.L.C.

· Tallest machine & equipment along walls, smaller machines in middle

· Weight mahines + apparatus at least 2’-0” from each other & suggested 3’-0” apart.

· Platform spaces need to have good overhead clearance, at least 12’-0”

· 3’-0” clear pathways always

· equipment 6” from mirrors

· mirrors 20” AFF

· group equipment into organized priority sections

· 20-25 sq ft for each user of the equipment

· 20-40 sq ft for each machine

· flooring materials: shock absorbing, 0.5-.07 friction DIN Standard, needs to maintain a rolling load

· 12’-0” ceiling height min. in free weight area, 10’-0” in strength training area

· lighting 50-100 foot-candles

· machines are 120V/20AMPS

· need NEMA 5-20 receptacles

· Air temperature keep constant, between 68-72 degrees

· Ventilation needs to provide 8-10 air exchanges per hour

· Need double wide entrance

· At least 220V outlets for maintenance equipment

· Children under 14yrs old must be with adult

· Signage addressing user maintenance, safety, and who to reference for help

Source: Sawyer, Thomas.(2005). Facility Design and Management: for Health, Fitness, Physical Activity, Recreation, And Sports Facility Development.(pp.366-379). Illinois: Sagamore Publishing, L.L.C.

· Air temperature keep constant, between 68-72 degrees

· Need double wide entrance

· lighting 50-100 foot-candles

· Wooden floors common

· Need storage area for equipment

· Need mirrors, but don’t overuse